This is an in-depth scientific and practical discussion about the design and implications of one of the most misunderstood parts of woody plants. Topics include the biology and mechanics of branch and stem removal, influence of aspect ratio on development of protection zones, union strength, branch removal cut location, and dysfunction, among others.
Dr. Ed Gilman received his Ph.D. from Rutgers University in 1980 in forest plant pathology and is a professor in the Environmental Horticulture Department at the University of Florida, Gainesville. He has assembled a unique urban tree teaching program for helping municipalities, contractors, arborists, educators, growers, landscapers, and others design and implement programs for promoting better tree health in cities. He conducts educational programs in tree selection, nursery production, and urban tree management nationwide for a variety of audiences. Dr. Gilman is a Florida chapter ISA past-president. He has published more than 96 scientific peer-reviewed journal articles in his 30 years in academia and industry and has won numerous awards. His research emphasizes tree pruning, nursery production, anchorage, and tree establishment. He has published more than 150 technical articles in newsletters and trade magazines and annually presents research results to colleagues at professional meetings across the United States and throughout the world.